An explanantion of UNE and Unbundled Networked Elements and Telecommunications Industry “Unbundling” April 23, 2009Posted by HubTechInsider in Telecommunications.
Tags: networking, Telecommunications
The telecommunications act of 1996 requires that the ILECs unbundle their NEs (Network Elements) and make them available to the CLECs on the basis of incremental cost. UNEs are defined as physical and functional elements of the network, e.g., NIDs (Network Interface Devices), local loops and subloops (portions of local loops), circuit-switching and switch ports, interoffice transmission facilities, signaling and call-related databases, OSSs (Operational Support Systems), operator services and directory assistance, and packet or data switching. When combined into a complete set in order to provide an end-to-end circuit, the UNEs constitute a UNE-P (UNE-Platform). Unbundled Network Elements is a term used in negociations between a CLEC and the ILEC to describe the various network components that will be used or leased by the CLEC from the ILEC. These components include such things as the actual copper wire to the customers, fiber strands, and local switching. The CLEC will lease these UNEs with pricing based on the previously-signed Interconnection Agreement between the CLEC and the ILEC. Typically, a CLEC will colocate a switch at the ILEC’s wire center, then pay for the “unbundled” local loop to make a connection to the customer. Alternatively, a CLEC might lease both an unbundled local loop and an unbundled switch, and make a connection to their network at the LEC’s switch.